Singing and Wellness Resource Guide

Continue to explore the topic of Singing and Wellness with this online Resource Guide that includes studies cited in Voice articles as well as further reading.

Singing and General Well-being

Chorus America (2009). Chorus Impact Study. Washington, DC. Retrieved from

Eaton, L. (2012, September 10). Arts & the Mind [Television broadcast]. In G. Richman (Producer). Minneapolis, MN: TPT National Productions and Eaton Creative.

Mithen, S. (2007). The singing neanderthals: The origins of music, language, mind, and the body. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Singing and Healthy Children

Brain, S., Daykin, N., Evans, D., McEachran, M., Orme, J., & Salmon, D. (2008). The impact of participation in performing arts on adolescent health and behavior: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Health Psychology, 13 (2), 251-264. Retrieved from

Dupuis, G., Mather, M., & O’Hare, W. (2012). Analyzing state differences in child well-being. Foundation for Child Development. Retrieved from

Helmrich, B. (2010). Window of opportunity? Adolescence, music, and algebra. Journal of Adolescent Research, 25 (4), 557-577. Retrieved from

Singing and Psychological Well-being

Clift, S., Morrison, I., Hancox, G., & Vella-Burrows, T. (2011). Singing for mental health and wellbeing: Community Initiatives in England. In A. Brader (Ed.), Songs of Resilience (pp. 121-145). United Kingdom: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Freeman, W. Happiness doesn't come in bottles: Neuroscientists learn that joy comes through dancing, not drugs. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 4, 67-71. Retrieved from 
Horn, S. (2013). Imperfect harmony: Finding happiness singing with others. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill. Published in 2013.

Marks, P. (2000, February 19). Blast from the past. New Scientist. Retrieved from

Sandgren, M. (2009). Evidence for strong immediate well-being effects of choral singing – With more enjoyment for women than for men. Proceedings from ESCOM 2009: 7th Triennial Conference of European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music Proceedings. Jyväskylä, Finland. Retrieved from

Singing and Healthy Aging

Arts in Aging. Resource list compiled by the National Endowment for the Arts.

Baldwin, M., & Teater, B. (2012). Singing for successful aging: The perceived benefits of participating in the golden oldies community-arts program. The British Journal of Social Work. Retrieved from

Chapline, J., Cohen, G., Firth, K., Kelly, J., Perlstein, S., & Simmens, S (2006). The impact of professionally conducted cultural programs on the physical health, mental health, and social functioning of older adults. The Gerontologist, 46 (6), 726–734.

Firestone, B. (2012). Evensong. CreateSpace.

Johnson, J. (2013, February 15). The effects of singing on older adults. Retrieved from

Singing at the Threshold

DeMore, M. (2012). On In the Mother House [CD]. MeMa Music. 

Choruses and Community Wellness

Brown, A. (2012). All the world's a stage: Venues and settings, and the role they play in shaping patterns of arts participation. GIA Reader, 23 (2). Retrieved from

Gadwa, A., Markusen, A. (2010). Creative placemaking. The National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved from

Singing and Disease-Specific Therapy

Biasutti, E., Cavazzon, M., Di Benedetto, P., Mondolo, F., Peratoner, A., & Rugio, G. (2009).Voice and choral singing treatment: A new approach for speech and voice disorders in Parkinson’s Disease. European Journal of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine, 45 (1), 13-19. Retrieved from

Cave, P., Evans, Flude, E., A., Hopkinson, N., Hume, V., Kelly, J., Lord, V., & Polkey, M. (2010). Singing teaching as a therapy for chronic respiratory disease - A randomised controlled trial and qualitative evaluation. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 10 (41). Retrieved from

Clement, S., Khatir, F., Samson, S., Schiaratura, L., & Tonini, A. (2012). Short and longer term effects of musical intervention in severe Alzheimer’s Disease. Music Perception: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 29 (5). Retrieved from

Faunce, G., Kenny, D. (2004). The impact of group singing on mood, coping, and perceived pain in chronic pain patients attending a multidisciplinary pain clinic. Journal of Music Therapy, 41 (3), 241-258. Retrieved from

Marchina, S., Norton, A., Schlaug, G., Wan, C., & Zipse, L. (2010). From singing to speaking: Facilitating recovery from nonfluent Aphasia. Future Neurology, 5 (5), 657-665. Retrieved from

Singing and the Immune Response

Beck, R. J., Cesario, T. C., Enamoto, H., & Yousefi, A. (2000). Choral singing, performance perception, and immune system changes in salivary Immunoglobulin A and Cortisol. Music Perception, 18 (1), 87-106. Retrieved from

Bongard, S., Grebe, D., Hodapp, V., Kreutz, G., & Rohrmann, S. (2004). Effects of choir singing or listening on secretory Immunoglobulin A, Cortisol, and emotional State. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 27 (6), 623-35. Retrieved from

Ericson, M., Grape, C., Hansson, L.O., Sandgren, M., & Theorell, T. (2003). Does singing promote well-being?: An empirical study of professional and amateur singers during a singing lesson. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science: The Official Journal of the Pavlovian Society, 38 (1), 65-74. Retrieved from

Kuhn, D. (2002). The effects of active and passive participation in musical activity on the immune system as measured by salivary Immunoglobulin A (Sig A). Journal of Music Therapy, 39 (1), 30-39. Retrieved from